Kumbh Mela, a religious festival of Hinduism is celebrated at four different place with full dedication and devotion over the course of 12 years. It is the largest fair held every 12 years in India. The gathering of a large number of people on this day itself says about its sacredness and popularity.
The four sacred places of India where Kumbh Mela is held every 12 years are-
- ★ Haridwar
- ★ Nasik
- ★ Ujjain
- ★ Allahabad (Prayag)
A large number of people not only from India but also from foreign countries also take part with full devotion in this grand event.
Do you know about the History of Kumbh Mela? The Origin of Kumbh Mela has huge importance among Indians. There is a big and interesting story of Amrit Manthan behind the Kumbh Mela History.
The Origin of Kumbh Mela:
Let’s discuss how and when was this grand event Kumbh Mela get started. According to mythology, there is a story of the curse of Durvasa Muni that led to the beginning of this grand event Kumbh Mela.
Once Durvasa Muni cursed the Demigods. Due to his curse, they lost their strength. The didn’t stop there and approached Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva in order to regain their strength. Both of them Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva gave advice to Demigods that they need to pray Lord Vishnu to regain their strength.
Lord Vishnu asked them to churn the ocean of milk which was then known as Ksheera Sagar in order to get Amrit. It was the only solution to regain their strength back, but this task was so sturdy for all of them. Since the demigods had not enough power and strength to do this task alone, they made a mutual agreement with Demons. The Demons were agreed to help them at only one condition. The condition was that they had to share half of the nectar of immortality (Amrit) with them.
The Meru Mountain played the role of churning rod to churn Ksheera Sagar. The king of serpents “Vasuki” played the part of rope around the mountain.
Fourteen unique items were produced through the process of churning-
- ★ Poison
- ★ Kamdhenu (also known as wish-fulfilling Cow)
- ★ Uchchaihshravas (A kind of White Horse)
- ★ Airavat (An elephant having four tusks)
- ★ Koustubha mani (A diamond)
- ★ Parijat Kalpavruksha (A wish-fulﬁlling tree)
- ★ Devanganas such as Rambha etc
- ★ Shri Lakshmi Devi (Consort of Shrivishṇu)
- ★ Sura (Alcohol)
- ★ Som (Moon)
- ★ Haridhanu (A Divine bow)
- ★ A Conch
- ★ Dhanwantari
- ★ Amrit Kalash or Amrit Kumbh (Pot of Amrit).
The Gods had fear in their mind that if the Demons became immortal by drinking Amrit, they will definitely create havoc in the whole world. Therefore, hen Dhanwantari appeared with Amrit Kalash in her hands, the Gods gave a signal to the Indra’s son, Jayant, to take that pot from Dhanwantari.
To get that Amrit Kalash, the Demons and Gods fought around 12 days as well as 12 nights. The one day of that time is considered to be equal to one year of the present time. During this battle, the few drops of Amrit fell down at four places of Earth. The places were Prayag, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. That is why Kumbh Mela is celebrated every 12 years on these four places. This is the story behind the origin of Kumbh Mela.